中国古代四大发明 (China's four great inventions): Ancient Chinese inventions still in use today

Written by: 
Ni Shipeng~Multimedia Journalist

CHINESE VERSION:

中国是一個有漫長悠久历史的国家,曾经为世界贡献出四大发明:造纸术,指南针,火药,和活体印刷术。英国汉学家李约瑟和其他許多历史学家普遍认为这四种发明对中国古代的政治、经济、和文化产生了巨大的推动作用。而这些发明经由各种途径传至西方,对世界文明和西方科技发展也产生一定影响:印刷术的出现改变了只有僧侣才能读书和受高等教育的状况,便利了文化传播;火药和火器掙開了欧洲中世纪天主教的思想枷锁;指南针传到欧洲航海家的手里,使他们有可能发现美洲,实现环球航行,为世界贸易和工业奠定基础。

ENGLISH VERSION:

China is a country with a long history, which has contributed four great inventions to the world: Papermaking, compass, gunpowder and typography.

British Sinologist Joseph Lee and many other historians generally believe that these four inventions have had a huge impact on the promotion of ancient China’s politics, economic, and culture.

These inventions spread to the West through various channels, and impacted many world civilizations and the development of the Western science and technology.

The invention of typography changed the situation that only monks could study and be educated in the past.

Gunpowder and firearms liberated the medieval Europeans from the restrictive Catholic authority.
The compass spread to European navigator’s hands, leading to the discovery of so that they might discover the Americas. Later navigators would circumnavigate the globe, laying the foundation for world trade and industry.